Once abundant, whitetip reef shark numbers depleted noticeably from 1985 to 2005 due to overfishing in certain areas.2 Their shallow water habitats (33 to 131 feet/10 to 40 m) have made them susceptible to becoming bycatch in gillnet and longline fisheries, as well.3 Whitetip reef sharks are considered near threatened with extinction due to their small litter size, late age of maturity and coral reef habitat loss. It is nimble and agile with the ability to enter small holes and crevices to feed on reef fishes, octopuses, and crustaceans (Castro 2011). In the western and central Pacific, it occurs from off southern China, Taiwan, and the Ryukyu Islands, to the Philippines, Southeast Asia, and Indonesia, to northern Australia, and is also found around numerous islands in Melanesia, Micronesia, and Polynesia, as far as Hawaii to the north and the Pitcairn Islands to the southeast. Whitetip reef sharks do not have to move to breathe and can be found lying motionless on the seafloor. Our Gift Packages category is perfect for many occasions!  In 2008, a whitetip reef shark produced a single pup through possibly asexual means at the Nyiregyhaza Centre in Hungary; previous instances of asexual reproduction in sharks have been reported in the bonnethead (Sphyrna tiburo) and the blacktip shark (Carcharhinus limbatus). They are also fearless and curious, as the whitetip reef sharks may approach swimmers closely to investigate.  The whitetip reef shark swims with strong undulations of its body, and unlike other requiem sharks can lie motionless on the bottom and actively pump water over its gills for respiration. Oceanic Whitetip Sharks, also known as the Sandbar Shark, Brown Shark, Nigano Shark, Oceanic White-Tipped Whaler, and Silvertip Shark, are a type of Requiem Shark. Its slender, flexible body gives it an edge over other sharks of its kind.  The whitetip reef shark is highly responsive to the olfactory, acoustic, and electrical cues given off by potential prey, while its visual system is attuned more to movement and/or contrast than to object details. However, more recent research indicates that the teeth belonged to a mackerel shark, and that this species has never colonized the Atlantic. The coloration is grayish to brownish above and white below, with a pattern of scattered small, dark spots unique to each individual. At night, whitetip reef sharks become active and hunt for bottom-dwelling prey hiding in coral reef holes and crevices. 1. Whitetip reef sharks are cartilaginous fish that can be found in tropical oceans. With its slender shape, grey complexion and pronounced gills  Morphological and molecular phylogenetic analyses suggest the whitetip reef shark is grouped with the lemon sharks (Negaprion) and the sliteye shark (Loxodon) in occupying an intermediate position on the carcharhinid evolutionary tree, between most basal genera (Galeocerdo, Rhizoprionodon, and Scoliodon) and the most derived (Carcharhinus and Sphyrna). Sharks for Experts & Very Large Systems * We do not sell each and every shark listed below, these are just a few suggestions. Males mature at about 3.4 feet (1.04 metres) long, and generally reach lengths of up to 5.5 feet (1.7 metres).  On the Great Barrier Reef, populations of whitetip reef sharks in fishing zones have been reduced by 80% relative to no-entry zones. Robbins, W.D. They are fished commercially using line and trawl nets for tropical markets. The reproductive cycle is biennial. Whitetip reef sharks can be found as deep as 1,083 feet (330 m). Sign up today to get weekly updates and action alerts from Oceana. Size Range The species is reported to grow to 2.13 m in length but adults over 1.6 m long are rarely seen. Bloom size: 5.5 inches: Bloom time: Midseason: Plant Traits: Rebloom Diurnal: Bud Count: 10-15: Branching: 3-way: Bloom Traits: Edged Watermark: Bloom Form: Single: Color description: rose red with white and gold toothy edge a small pink watermark and a green throat An infant whitetip reef shark is called a whitetip reef shark pup. One of the most common sharks found on Indo-Pacific coral reefs, the whitetip reef shark occurs as far west as South Africa and as far east as Central America.  In the Indian Ocean, it occurs from northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa to the Red Sea and the Indian subcontinent, including Madagascar, Mauritius, the Comoros, the Aldabra Group, the Seychelles, Sri Lanka, and the Chagos Archipelago. Whitetip reef sharks will most often grow to about 5 feet in length in the aquarium environment, and will maintain a relatively slender body. The tips of the first dorsal fin and upper caudal fin lobe, and sometimes also the second dorsal fin and lower caudal fin lobe, are bright white. In many cases, the female resists by pressing her belly against the bottom and arching her tail; this may reflect mate choice on her part. The habitat preferences of this species overlap those of the other two, though it does not tend to frequent very shallow water like the blacktip reef shark, nor the outer reef like the grey reef shark. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. Mature females have a single functional ovary, on the left side, and two functional uteruses. They wait until night to feed, by patrolling the reef for its preferred food of fish, octopi and crustaceans. - Zebra Shark - Nurse Shark - Leopard Shark - Blacktip Reef Shark - Lemon Shark - Whitetip Reef Shark - Bonnethead Shark .  Off Hawaii, they follow Hawaiian monk seals (Monachus schauinslandi) and attempt to steal their catches. The number of offspring is not correlated with female size; each female produces an estimated average of 12 pups over her entire lifetime. Bad Tankmates/ Potentially Harmful to your Shark: 5. Whitetip reef sharks grow to an average length of 5.3 feet (1.6 m). The shark also spreads to the western coast of Mexico, Costa Rica, and even stretches as far as the Galapagos. The whitetip reef shark mainly hunts at night, catching crustaceans, octopi and reef fish that it extracts from crevasses with a great deal of dexterity. , Important predators of the whitetip reef shark include tiger sharks (Galeocerdo cuvier), Galapagos sharks (Carcharhinus galapagensis), and possibly also silvertip sharks (Carcharhinus albimarginatus), though they usually occur at depths greater than those favored by whitetip reef sharks. The whitetip reef shark is a relatively small species of shark in the family known as requiem sharks (Carcharhinidae), which also includes the bull, tiger, lemon, gray reef, blacktip reef, and blue sharks.  This species is most active at night or during slack tide, and spends much of the day resting inside caves singly or in small groups, arranged in parallel or stacked atop one another. Sailors for the Sea developed the KELP (Kids Environmental Lesson Plans) program to create the next generation of ocean stewards. For example, the oceanic whitetip has declined by approximately 80 to 95 percent across the Pacific Ocean since the mid-1990s. WWF is pushing for the development of a recovery plan for the dangerously depleted population of the oceanic whitetip to prevent the species from going extinct.. It was once thought to have formerly existed in the Atlantic Ocean, based on fossil teeth found in North Carolina dating to the Miocene epoch.  This species feeds mainly on bony fishes, including eels, squirrelfishes, snappers, damselfishes, parrotfishes, surgeonfishes, triggerfishes and goatfishes, as well as octopuses, spiny lobsters, and crabs. However, several lines of evidence suggest that the once common and abundant shark has experienced declines of potentially significant magnitude due to significant fishing pressure.  Parturition occurs from May to August (autumn and winter) in French Polynesia, in July (summer) off Enewetak Atoll, and in October (summer) off Australia. English:whitetip reef shark, blunthead shark, light-tip shark, reef whitetip, whitetip shark , After a gestation period of 10–13 months, females give birth to litters of 1–6 (usually 2–3) pups.  Each male attempts to seize the female by engulfing one of her pectoral fins; at times two males might grasp a female on both sides simultaneously. Were you looking for the Reef Shark from Hungry Shark Evolution, or the Blacktip Reef Shark from Hungry Shark World? Females produce litters of 1-5 pups, born at lengths of 52-60 cm after a gestation period of at least five months. We are restoring the world’s wild fish populations to serve as a sustainable source of protein for people. The White tip Reef Shark is one of the most frequent sharks in the Indo-Pacific. If you ever wanted to snorkel with sharks, then these small, calm and often inquisitive creatures make for the perfect opportunity.  Off Borneo, this species gathers around reef drop-offs to feed on food brought up by the rising current. Alternatively, it is rather clumsy when attempting to take food suspended in open water. This species is caught for food, though ciguatera poisoning resulting from its consumption has been reported. The Whitetip Reef Shark is the most common shark species found at the Galapagos Islands. The habitat preferences of this species overlap those of the other two, though it does not tend to frequent very shallow water like the blacktip reef shark, nor the outer reef like the grey reef shark. The maximum weight ever recorded was 40.3 pounds (18.3 kg) and the maximum length ever recorded was 7 feet (2.1 m), but a length over 5.3 feet (1.6 m) is extremely rare. , A relatively small species, few whitetip reef sharks are longer than 1.6 m (5.2 ft). As fully-sized creatures, they can't be fished by fisherdwarves, but can be caught with a drowning chamber. Whitetip reef sharks are regarded as guardian spirits, or “aumakua,” in some Hawaiian traditions.1. Just the Facts: Size: Birth:20-24 in (52-60 cm) Maturity:males 40-41in (104-105cm), females 41-43in (105-109 cm) Maximum:5.6 ft (1.7 m) Reproduction: The whitetip reef shark is viviparous (live-bearing).  This species is most common at a depth of 8–40 m (26–131 ft). The eyes are small and oval with vertical pupils and prominent ridges above, and are often followed by a small notch. N00014-68-C-0138. large anal fin with a notch at the back.  The dermal denticles are small and overlapping, usually with 7 horizontal ridges, giving the skin a smooth feel. Each tooth has a single narrow, smooth-edged cusp at the center, flanked by a pair of much smaller cusplets. "A playful yet aggressive shark." The fins are significantly larger than most other shark species, and are conspicuously rounded. Indian and Pacific Oceans in tropical and subtropical waters, Class Chondrichthyes, Order Carcharhiniforms (Ground sharks), Family Carcharhinidae (Requiem sharks), The whitetip reef shark is a slim, medium-sized shark characterized by its white-tipped dorsal and tail fins that give this species its name. Food of fish, including eels, snappers, parrotfish and triggerfish Hawaiian mythology, the oceanic whitetip sharks not... 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