Some of these were outfitted with heavy boat davits and other arrangements to enable them to handle landing craft for amphibious assault operations. Part of the Squadr . As a result, only attack transport (APA) ships were assigned for the assault, without support from any companion attack cargo (AKA) ships. hyperwar, APD -- High Speed Transports, and LPR -- Amphibious Transports, Small. The Expeditionary Fast Transport program is a cooperative effort for a high-speed, shallow draft vessel intended for rapid intratheater transport of medium-sized cargo payloads.  . The APA/LPA designation may, therefore, now be safely considered extinct. The last of these were decommissioned in 1980 and sold abroad, leaving only a few thoroughly obsolete World War II era hulls still laid up in the Maritime Administration's reserve fleet. Source: Troopships of World War II by Roland W. Charles, published by the Army Transportation Association, Washington, D.C., 1947 Troop ships for which additional information is available on this website. The following 49 files are in this category, out of 49 total. So if you are looking for a particular ship or unit, you will have to use the FIND function in your browser. Attack transport Attack transport is a United States Navy ship classification for a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore. This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. Acadia The 1956 movie Away All Boats presents operations on an attack transport. Depending on class they were armed with one or two 5-inch guns and a variety of 40 mm and 20 mm anti-aircraft weapons. Western Newspaper Union - NARA - 533685.tif, It's homeward bound and every foot of the huge transport is utilized by the veterans as they pass the time away. Unit names are spelled out when they fit (but not always); so search for the unit number - e.g., "106" or "106th" for the 106th Infantry Division. The last use was for the final WW2 Battle of Okinawa. The actual reclassification of these ships was not implemented until February 1943, by which time two ships that had APA numbers assigned (USS Joseph Hewes and USS Edward Rutledge) had been lost. These could not be supported by attack transports in the numbers required, and new categories of amphibious ships began to replace APAs throughout the 1960s. Media in category "Troop transports of the United States Navy" The following 53 files are in this category, out of 53 total. To compound problems, these forces were not able to assemble or train together before executing the Aleutian invasion on 11 May 1943. In 1942, when the AP number series had already extended beyond 100, it was decided that these amphibious warfare ships really constituted a separate category of warship from conventional transports. Attack transport is a United States Navy ship classification for a variant of ocean-going troopship adapted to transporting invasion forces ashore. Transport ships of the United States Army, Troop ships of the War Shipping Administration, Unique transports of the United States Navy, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Category:Troop_ships_of_the_United_States&oldid=305138361, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 July 2009, at 19:57. - NARA - 196482.jpg, Soldiers in bunks on Army transport, S.S. Pennant, Port of Embarkation, San Francisco, California, November 1, 1942. By the end of the 1950s, it was clear that boats would soon be superseded by amphibious tractors (LVTs) and air assault helicopters for landing combat assault troops. , On this occasion, Japan sent the cruiser This created extreme logistics burdens for the invasion force because it resulted in considerable overloading of the transports with both men and equipment. Some attack transports were assigned to the European Theatre, participating in the invasions of North Africa, Sicily, Italy and Normandy. APA are in the classification if US Navy Auxiliary ships. America's First Convoy 1917.png 765 × 446; 237 KB The following 49 pages are in this category, out of 49 total. Large numbers of troopships were employed during World War II, including 220 "Limited Capacity" Liberty ship conversions, 30 Type C4 ship-based General G. O. Squier-class, a class of 84 Victory ship conversions, and a small number of Type-C3-S-A2 ship-based dedicated transports, and 15 classes of attack transports, of which some 400 alone were built. Troop and cargo ships over 1,000 gross tons that often carried the U.S. Army Transport ship prefix "USAT" with their name if they were Army owned or long term allocated: 1,557 ships Other ships over 1,000 gross tons, including hospital ships (prefix "USAHS"), cable ships, aircraft repair ships, port repair ships and others without any title other than “U.S. 32, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Attack_transport&oldid=983725164, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 21:48. As World War II went on, dozens of new construction merchant ships of the United States Maritime Commission's S4, C2, C3 and VC2 ("Victory") types were converted to attack transports, taking the list of APA numbers to 247, though fourteen ships (APAs 181-186 and APAs 240-247) were cancelled before completion. This category has the following 61 subcategories, out of 61 total.