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Ward, Tetrahedron, 1975, Volume 31, Issue 10, Pages 1277–1285. The tree attains moderate to large heights of up to 30 m, with a girth of 1.2 to 4 m. It has a chlorophyll layer just under the outer bark, which is pale yellow on the outside and white inside. Anjaneyulu, A.Madhusudhana rao, V.Kameswara Rao and L.Ramachandra Row, Tetrahedron, 1977, Volume 33, Issue 1, Pages 133–143. F. Kawamura, S. Ohara and A. Nishida, Holzforschung, June 2005, Volume 58, Issue 2, Pages 189–192, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "A tree species reference and selection guide", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gmelina_arborea&oldid=975242341, Articles needing additional references from August 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 27 August 2020, at 15:23. Anjaneyulu, K.Jaganmohan Rao, V.Kameswara Rao, L.Ramachandra Row, C. Subrahmanyam, A. Pelter, R.S. Gmelina arborea is a fast-growing tree, which grows on different localities and prefers moist fertile valleys with 750–4500 mm rainfall. Certain factors make wood even more desirable to termites: high moisture content, softness, the presence of fungus or decay, and the absence of natural chemicals, resins, or oils that make wood resistant … Gmelina arborea timber is reasonably strong for its weight. It is also used for bentwood articles. Once seasoned, it is a very steady timber and resistant to decay and ranges from very resistant to termites… Gamhar trees coppices very well with vigorous growth. It is an approved timber for handles of tennis rackets, frames and reinforcements of carom boards and packing cases and crates. It proved to be wood pest proof. Its timber is sought for its durability and is primarily … Gmelina arborea timber is reasonably strong for its weight. Please see image below of parts of the wood: Gmelina arborea is a popular timber for picture and slate frames, turnery articles and various types of brush backs, brush handles and toys also for handles of chisels, files, saws, screw drivers, sickles etc. Gamhar is used in papermaking and in the matchwood industry too. Pressure-treated wood is resistant to insects and decay, and lasts longer than un-treated wood. Heartwood is the center of the trunk of the tree and the hardest part of the trunk. Affiliate Disclosure. Gmelina arborea wood is pale yellow to cream-coloured or pinkish-buff when fresh, turning yellowish brown on exposure and is soft to moderately hard, light to moderately heavy, lustrous when fresh, usually straight to irregular or rarely wavy grained and medium course textured. Pressure-treated wood is resistant to insects and decay, and lasts longer than un-treated wood. A beautiful wood known for its characteristic pink to red brownish color, this lumber is known for its resistance to termites. Gmelina arborea, (in English beechwood, gmelina, goomar teak, Kashmir tree, Malay beechwood, white teak, yamane[3] ), locally known as gamhar, is a fast-growing deciduous tree in the family Lamiaceae. The gluing properties are reported as good. A few woods are naturally resistant to termites, including cedar and redwood. Melina is in general very stable in service. It has good capacity to recover from frost injury. 1- Melina/Gmelina Wood. The Lion Throne, the most important, and last surviving, of the eight royal thrones of Myanmar, now in the National Museum in Yangon, is carved from Gmelina arborea wood.[6]. Certain factors make wood even more desirable to termites: high moisture content, softness, the presence of fungus or decay, and the absence of natural chemicals, resins, or oils that make wood resistant to decay and insects. Natural Termite Resistance. Saplings and young plants need protection from deer and cattle. [9], Umbelliferone 7-apiosylglucoside can be isolated from the root. In boat building it is used for decking and for oars. Engineered wood is nothing but composite wood manufactured by binding & fixing the strands, particles, fibers, or veneers or boards of wood, together with adhesives. Gmelina wood is also raw material or a wood material to use in making pulp or paper. It doesn’t matter if it is softwood or hardwood, pine, or oak. It is not termite proof. [8] The parent compounds are arboreol or gmelanone. 'Kumizh tree' when burnt yields the whitest possible ash; mention is made by certain 'rock art enthusiasts' that this ash is one of the ingredients in the semi-solid white ochre used to draw the very ancient 'cave paintings,' as old as 3,000 to 5,000 years or more; found in the dense forests of Tamil Nadu. A.S.R. In our catalogue, you will encounter products such as green defensers, plywood that can resist termites. Termites live on the cellulose found in wood or certain other plant materials, such as cotton. It is termite-resistant and rose-scented. [7], Lignans, such as 6" - bromo - isoarboreol, 4-hydroxysesamin, 4,8-dihydroxysesamin, 1,4-dihydroxysesamin (gummadiol), 2-piperonyl-3-hydroxymethyl-4-(α-hydroxy-3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl)-4-hydroxytetrahydrofuran and the 4-O-glucoside of 4-epigummadiol, can be isolated from the heartwood of Gmelina arborea. The strong combination between the wood layers ensures high durability and resistance to destruction. Gmelina arborea grows naturally throughout India, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and in southern provinces of China. In the instrument industry gambhar timber is widely employed for the manufacture of drawing boards, plane tables, instrument boxes, thermometer scales and cheaper grade metric scales. Other alternative names are asana, mukwa and padauk. Gmelina arborea leaves are considered good for cattle (crude protein – 11.9%) and are also used as a feed to eri-silkworm. ... Yemane wood is nondurable but the heartwood is moderately durable and termite resistant. At first everybody thought gmelina wood would be useless for anything but paper pulp or maybe concrete forms, but this was not the case. This tree is commonly planted as a garden and an avenue tree; growing in villages along agricultural land and on village community lands and wastelands. While they can eat any type of wood, there are some species they prefer to avoid as much as possible. Antifungal activity of constituents from the heartwood of Gmelina arborea: Part 1. The wood is also fairly durable, moreso if the tree is allowed to mature completely rather than being grown on a plantation. It is used in construction, furniture, carriages, sports, musical instruments and artificial limbs. 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