In 1791 the French National Assembly directed the French Academy of Sciences to address the chaotic state of French weights and measures. meter (m) is the metric base unit for length. A system of measurement in which the basic units are the meter, the second, and the kilogram. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Get instant definitions for any word that hits you anywhere on the web! Medical Definition of metric system : a decimal system of weights and measures based on the meter and on the kilogram — compare cgs , mks More from Merriam-Webster on metric system The academy settled on the length of 1/10,000,000 of a quadrant of a great circle of Earth, measured around the poles of the meridian passing through Paris. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The metric system is based on powers of 10 and there are three base units: The gram (g) is the metric base unit of weight. For a time, the international prototype metre and kilogram were based, for convenience, on the archive standards rather than directly on actual measurement of Earth. More from Merriam-Webster on metric system, Nglish: Translation of metric system for Spanish Speakers, Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about metric system. Within the environment there are suprasystems, such as human society, and systems within the suprasystem, such as the educational and industrial systems and the health care delivery system. Metric system, international decimal system of weights and measures, based on the metre for length and the kilogram for mass, that was adopted in France in 1795 and is now used officially in almost all countries. An arduous six-year survey led by such luminaries as Jean Delambre, Jacques-Dominique Cassini, Pierre Mechain, Adrien-Marie Legendre, and others to determine the arc of the meridian from Barcelona, Spain, to Dunkirk, France, eventually yielded a value of 39.37008 inches for the new unit to be called the metre, from Greek metron, meaning “measure.”, By 1795 all metric units were derived from the metre, including the gram for weight (one cubic centimetre of water at its maximum density) and the litre for capacity (1/1,000 of a cubic metre). Omissions? general systems framework and theory of goal attainment, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Metric Quad Flat Package with Heat spreader. One joule is equal to one kilogram times metre squared per second squared. 2. having the meter as a basis. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. 10 Nov. 2020. “Metric system.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/metric%20system. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! ric. The numerical value of metric medical devices in Chaldean Numerology is: 4, The numerical value of metric medical devices in Pythagorean Numerology is: 2. Metric System - Definition with Examples. *The metric system of bases and prefixes has been applied to many other units, such as decibel (0.1 bel), kilowatt (1,000 watts), megahertz (1,000,000 hertz), and microhm (one-millionth of an ohm). Images & Illustrations of metric medical devices. American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. metric system the system of units of measurement that is based on the meter, gram, and liter and in which new units are formed from the basic terms by prefixes denoting multiplication by a power of ten.
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