During the 1980s, Honduras proved a haven for anti-Sandinista contras fighting the Marxist Nicaraguan Government and an ally to Salvadoran Government forces fighting leftist guerrillas. It is customary for a guest at dinner or someone's home to send flowers to the hostess, either before or afterwards. The Maya peoples (/ ˈ m aɪ ə /) are an ethnolinguistic group of indigenous peoples of Mesoamerica.The ancient Maya civilization was formed by members of this group, and today's Maya are generally descended from people who lived within that historical civilization. Honduras, the second poorest country in Central America, suffers from extraordinarily unequal distribution of income, as well as high underemployment. Much of the country's cultural diversity can be attributed to the diversity of its population, which made up of a number of ethnic groups that bring their own histories and traditions to cultural life in Honduras. Many rural communities can still be found living a relatively unchanged, traditional lifestyle. • Following a World-Cup preliminary football match Honduras and El Salvador declared what was subsequently known as the ‘Football War’, which lasted 100 hours and resulting in the expulsion of some 130,000 illegal Salvadoran immigrants from Honduras. The Maya civilisation reached modern-day Honduras around AD 500, and dominated the region for the next 300 years, after which several different local ethnic groups took their place. Once part of Spain's vast empire in the New World, Honduras became an independent nation in 1821.  Calculated by summing the Evangelical data for the people groups in the country. There are strong Spanish influences, but the majority of the population is mestizo, mainly leading an agricultural way of life with a low standard of living. The 1990s, however, were dominated by the PL, which gained control of the presidency and legislature in 1994 and in 1997. Only after the discovery of gold and silver deposits in the 1540s was some order imposed on the region. Honduras signed a three-year standby arrangement with the IMF in December 2014, aimed at easing Hondurasâs poor fiscal position. The male and female populations are broken down into 5-year age groups represented as horizontal bars along the vertical axis, with the youngest age groups at the bottom and the oldest at the top. The shape of the population pyramid gradually evolves over time based on fertility, mortality, and international migration trends. The two parties, the Partido Nacional (PN) and the Partido Liberal (PL), fought for the presidency, which was won by the PN candidate Rafael Leonardo Callejas. Hotels, restaurants and shops include a 12% sales tax on all purchases. This is the population pyramid for Honduras. Almost 15,000 people died, 80% of the transportation infrastructure was destroyed and the resulting damage cost some US$3.8 billion. mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1% ... Honduras is one of the poorest countries in Latin America and has one of the world's highest murder rates. PL leader Manuel Zelaya Rosales emerged the victor in the 2005 elections, defeating Porfirio Lobo of the PN. Unlike other countries in the region, in the 1980s Honduras officially recognized the multicultural composition of its society and the need to protect the economic, cultural and human rights of its various ethnic groups. Consequently, Honduras' young adult population - ages 15 to 29 - is projected to continue growing rapidly for the next three decades and then stabilize or slowly shrink. After two and a half decades of mostly military rule, a freely elected civilian government came to power in 1982. Central America, bordering the Caribbean Sea, between Guatemala and Nicaragua and bordering the Gulf of Fonseca (North Pacific Ocean), between El Salvador and Nicaragua, subtropical in lowlands, temperate in mountains, mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains, timber, gold, silver, copper, lead, zinc, iron ore, antimony, coal, fish, hydropower, most residents live in the mountainous western half of the country; unlike other Central American nations, Honduras is the only one with an urban population that is distributed between two large centers - the capital of Tegucigalpa and the city of San Pedro Sula; the Rio Ulua valley in the north is the only densely populated lowland area, frequent, but generally mild, earthquakes; extremely susceptible to damaging hurricanes and floods along the Caribbean coast, urban population expanding; deforestation results from logging and the clearing of land for agricultural purposes; further land degradation and soil erosion hastened by uncontrolled development and improper land use practices such as farming of marginal lands; mining activities polluting Lago de Yojoa (the country's largest source of fresh water), as well as several rivers and streams, with heavy metals, has only a short Pacific coast but a long Caribbean shoreline, including the virtually uninhabited eastern Mosquito Coast, mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European) 90%, Amerindian 7%, black 2%, white 1%, Roman Catholic 46%, Protestant 41%, atheist 1%, other 2%, none 9%. The World Travel Guide (WTG) is the flagship digital consumer brand within the Columbus Travel Media portfolio. Honduras has several distinct ethnic groups of which 90% are mestizo (mixed Amerindian and European), 7% Amerindian, 2% black and 1% white. Updated every day by a dedicated global editorial team, the portal logs 1 million+ unique users monthly. In 2017, Honduras faced rising public debt, but its economy has performed better than expected due to low oil prices and improved investor confidence. Military and security service personnel strengths: the Honduran Armed Forces (FFAA) have approximately 15,000 active personnel (7,300 Army; 1,400 Navy; 2,300 Air Force; 4,000 Public Order Military Police); approximately 8,000 Public Security Forces. During the 1980s, Honduras was the main base for the US-backed 'Contra' rebels fighting the Sandinista government in Nicaragua. In 1998, Hurricane Mitch swept violently across Honduras causing devastating damage. There is a strong sense of community, and religious and local festivities hold great importance in Honduran life with traditional music, costume and customs. Available in English, German and Spanish versions, the WTG provides detailed and accurate travel content designed to inspire global travellers. The Garifuna speak an Arawakan language. Poverty rates are higher among rural and indigenous people and in the south, west, and along the eastern border than in the north and central areas where most of Honduras' industries and infrastructure are concentrated. Definition: This entry provides an ordered listing of ethnic groups starting with the largest and normally includes the percent of total population. Despite this, Honduras has a rich and diverse culture centered on music, art and festivals. Conservative casual wear is widely acceptable with dress tending to be less conservative in coastal areas. Military equipment inventories and acquisitions: the FFAA's inventory is comprised of mostly older imported equipment from Israel, the UK, and the US; since 2010, Honduras has received limited amounts of military equipment from Colombia, Israel, Netherlands, Taiwan, and the US, 18 years of age for voluntary 2- to 3-year military service; no conscription. note: estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality, higher death rates, lower population growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected.