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It is not related to white sapote or mamey sapote. When young, formative pruning should be undertaken to develop a spreading canopy permitting light penetration throughout the tree. It has good levels of Ca and vitamin C, high antioxidant activity and carbohydrate content is 13-16%. When ripe the flesh is dark brown to almost black and may enclose 0-12 brown seeds. It can be picked at this stage and will ripen in 7-14 days (often miraculously overnight) at room temperature, the skin turning to a dull olive-green and the fruit becoming very soft. This is an undemanding species. A handsome, slow-growing, perennial evergreen tree with a broad canopy, 6-9m tall, but can be much larger in favoured environments. Inflorescences are axillary cymes, and males typically have more flowers (3-6) than females (1-2). When young, formative pruning should be undertaken to develop a spreading canopy permitting light penetration throughout the tree. Do not try to tree-ripen the fruit, as they are soft and will self-destruct if allowed to drop. Some trees … Black Sapote is a wonderful tropical tree famous for its fruits that look like bright-green tomatoes, but taste like chocolate. Black sapote is usually dioecious, meaning that some trees produce only male flowers and no fruit and other trees produce female or bisexual flowers and fruit. Black sapote is usually dioecious. When ripe, fruit last only a few days and slightly longer in a crisper. Black sapote is usually andromonecious, ie it has both male and hermaphrodite flowers on the same tree. The fruits are bright green at first and not edible at this stage. Young trees need regular rainfall or supplemental watering to establish. They should be planted in full sun for best fruit production. Mature trees can withstand light frosts but young plants need protection. Fertilizer formulas should vary with the nature of the soil and size of the tree. Maintenance at a size convenient for harvesting and spraying also assists. The alternate leaves are simple, glossy dark green, leathery and elliptic-oblong, 10-25cm long. When young, small and frequent applications of NPK rather than infrequent larger amounts can be given to hasten growth. The axillary flowers are normally solitary if hermaphrodite and in clusters of 3-7 if male. Size containment will probably be necessary when older. They are white and tubular-lobed with a persistent 4-lobed green calyx and an ovary with 8-12 carpels. Flowering and Pollination: Black sapote is usually andromonecious, ie it has both male and hermaphrodite flowers on the same tree. Trees appear to tolerate moderately windy areas, and if pruned regularly to limit tree size and open the canopy to wind movement can withstand hurricane- force winds without toppling. When young, small and frequent applications of NPK rather than infrequent larger amounts can be given to hasten growth. Skin is a shiny bright green colour. Seedlings grow slowly at first, they do not come true to type and may take 4-5 years to begin fruiting. As the fruit matures over 4-5 months, the calyx ends rise slightly from the fruit and the shiny skin loses some lustre. It has good levels of Ca, vitamin C and antioxidant activity with carbohydrate content of 13-16%. Flowering and Pollination: Black sapote is usually dioecious. Native to the lowlands of Central America and Mexico. Mulch is beneficial. The specimen from Daley's looked rather weak and spindly and is extremely slow growing in part shade. If your tree is flowering but not setting fruit try growing another with it.” Mature trees are generally self sufficient for water in most. Varieties . Pollination is by insects. The taste doesn’t appeal to everyone but can be improved with additions or processing. Named cultivars are commonly female, and the presence of male or monoecious types is usually required for good pollination and fruit set, with insects being the main vectors. The axillary flowers are normally solitary if hermaphrodite and in clusters of 3-7 if male. It is sensitive to drought. Unripe fruit are very astringent. Harvesting is usually autumn-late winter and fruit should be cut rather than pulled from the tree. Flowers have white petals with a persistent 4-5-lobed green calyx. Most of these are difficult to source in WA. The black sapote is an evergreen subtropical fruit tree, which is native to Central America and Mexico and cultivated for its tasty fruit.It belongs to the persimmon genus. Ebenaceae family with about 500 species in the genus Diospyros. According to Daley’s: “Black sapotes can be complicated in terms of pollination and some trees will not produce flowers that are self fertile. That definitely sounds like a pollination issue. It can be picked at this stage and will ripen in 7-14 days (often miraculously overnight) at room temperature, the skin turning to a dull olive-green and the fruit becoming very soft. Size containment will probably be necessary when older. It is sensitive to drought. The alternate leaves are simple, glossy dark green, leathery and elliptic-oblong, 10-25cm long. Young plants need regular watering but mature trees are often more self-sufficient unless there is a prolonged dry period. Maintenance at a size convenient for harvesting and spraying also assists. Visually, its general attraction as a fruit crop is handicapped by a non-flashy skin colour and the unusual dark brown flesh. Seedlings grow slowly at first, they do not come true to type and may take 4-5 years to begin fruiting. Total yearly amounts should be increased as the tree grows. A handsome, slow-growing, perennial evergreen tree with a broad canopy, 6-9m tall, but can be much larger in favoured environments. This is an undemanding species. When ripe the flesh is dark brown to almost black. Seeds are usually used; these will germinate in about 30 days and if properly dried remain viable for several months. In Florida, usually a medium sized tree. The tree is probably a fine tree, it just isn’t getting pollinated. Skin is a shiny bright green colour. With cross pollination most of those same varieties have a small central seed cavity. Scale insects may need to be dealt with but trees are generally free of problems. The taste doesn’t appeal to everyone but can be improved with additions or processing. Seedling trees may take 4-6 years to fruit. Pulp or whole fruits can be frozen. Green mature fruit stored at less than 10°C will likely suffer chilling injury. Some varieties may be self-incompatible and therefore require cross pollination with another variety or seedling that produces male or bisexual flowers in order to produce fruit. While it does best in a light deep soil rich in organic matter it will also grow in sandy or calcareous and alkaline soils, usually without major micronutrient deficiencies. It is evergreen that can grow up to 25 m in height with trunk diameter of up to 45 cm. Hero Member; Posts: 15554; www.fruitlovers.com; USA, Big Island, East Hawaii, Zone 13a ; Re: Black sapote (Diospyros dignya) cultivars « Reply #3 on: June 10, 2013, 10:35:19 PM » Quote from: HIfarm on June 10, 2013, 03:50:50 … They should be planted in full sun for best fruit production. Comments: - Needed a second black sapote to aid in pollination. The fruit can be eaten by spooning out the flesh; a sprinkle of lemon juice may improve flavour. Black sapote trees are sensitive to drought and fruit best with regular rainfall or deep watering. Some self-incompatibility has been reported in monoecious plants. Soft ripe fruit last only a few days, slightly longer in a crisper. The fruit can be eaten by spooning out the flesh; a sprinkle of lemon juice may improve flavour. It is a sub-tropical/tropical tree that grows at altitudes up to 2000m in the tropics, favouring moist conditions and can even tolerate sporadic flooding. Less commonly it is structurally but not functionally hermaphroditic with rudimentary staminodes and pistillodes, & less frequently monoecious or polygamous (leaky dioecy). Unripe fruit are very astringent. Ebenaceae Family. It has a rounded crown, black bark, and glossy, dark green leaves. The Black Sapote fruits grow on lovely trees with long, glossy dark green leaves. Self-incompatibility has been reported for some isolated trees; others may produce only male flowers. Total yearly amounts should be increased as the tree grows. Medium (25 to 30 ft; 7.6 to 9.1 m) to large trees (30 to 80 ft; 9.1 to 24.4 m) with an oblong canopy. Males usually have many stamens (4-20) and a much reduced non-functional ovary, whereas in females the superior ovary is well developed with 8-12 carpels and stamens are reduced to a few (4-8) staminodes. Green mature fruit stored at less than 10°C will likely suffer chilling injury. Mulch is beneficial. Young plants need regular watering but mature trees are often more self-sufficient unless there is a prolonged dry period. Seeds are usually used; these will germinate in about 30 days and if properly dried remain viable for several months. Fertilization. Pulp or whole fruits can be frozen. Black sapote can be a large tree if not managed, but can produce copious quantities of fruit. Grafting and budding is preferred, usually onto seedling rootstocks. Less commonly it is structurally but not functionally hermaphroditic with rudimentary staminodes and pistillodes, & less frequently monoecious or polygamous (leaky dioecy). Related to persimmon and mabolo but not to white, green, yellow or mamey sapote. While it does best in a light deep soil rich in organic matter it will also grow in sandy or calcareous and alkaline soils, usually without major micronutrient deficiencies. They often take a while to produce female flowers. As the fruit matures over about 4 months, the calyx ends rise slightly from the fruit and the shiny skin loses some lustre. Over-fertilizing is contraindicated for yield. Grafting and budding is preferred, usually onto seedling rootstocks. They need protection from strong winds. Black Sapote - Superb (Grafted) 9/10 Edward3's Edible Fruits Update: 295 days 7hrs. A ripe, jumbo and seedless fruit from a seedling tree in Palm Bay, Florida, compared with three common Black Sapote fruits from three different trees. There are only a few named cultivars, including Tahiti, Bernecker (seedless), Mossman, Maher, Reineke and Manilla. It’s a stately tree with large foliage and can reach 20 m in height. Isolated trees of some varities can be seedless. They are white and tubular-lobed with a persistent 4-lobed green calyx and an ovary with 8-12 carpels. Some trees may remain only one sex and not have any fruit unless pollinated by another plant and others can one day produce flowers to have pollination. It is not demanding in fertilizer requirements. Over-fertilizing is contraindicated for yield. Related to persimmons, mabolo. Black sapote can be a large tree if not managed, but can produce copious quantities of fruit. Black sapote trees are adapted to tropical and warm subtropical areas and may be planted from sea level to an altitude of about 6,000 ft. Visually, its general attraction as a fruit crop is handicapped by a non-flashy skin colour and the unusual dark brown flesh. Black Sapote apparently can have female flowers, male flowers, and hermaphroditic flowers. 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