Any data collected in Canada that can be considered Indigenous Knowledge from First Nations communities (Indigenous communities that are not Inuit or Métis) is subject to OCAP principles, where the OCAP acronym represents “Ownership, Control, Access and Possession”, the de facto standards of work with this specific body of Indigenous Peoples (First Nations Information Governance Centre, 2018). The information you enter will appear in your e-mail message and is not retained by Phys.org in any form. However, there are many issues surrounding the recording of indigenous knowledge and its transference to other localities and contexts. Great Lakes Regional Office (2007). Indigenous knowledge refers to understandings, skills, and philosophies developed by local communities with long histories and experiences of interaction with their natural surroundings according to the UNESCO’s programme on Local and Indigenous Knowledge Systems (LINKS) (Hiwasaki et al., 2014a). Dr Duane W. Hamacher's work seeks to understand how the first Australians developed and embedded scientific information into their knowledge systems. The translation of knowledge into action necessarily requires community input and support at the onset. This presents a problem when mapping data involving Indigenous Knowledge embedded in non-Eurocentric worldviews, since most digital mapping platforms have been built using Eurocentric spatial models. (A) Bandal structures under construction, (B) construction materials, (C) bamboo sticks, and (D) bamboo mats. While OCAP applies specifically to research conducted with First Nations communities within Canada, it also serves as both a guideline and a reminder to all researchers interacting with Indigenous groups worldwide of their responsibilities to these communities and to the knowledge itself. Aboriginal peoples’ intimate knowledge of the natural resources and ecosystems of their areas, developed through long and sustained contact, and their respect for the spirits which inhabit these places, mould their life on the land. For enquiries, contact us. There are many different and complex descriptions of knowledge translation (KT), and no single agreed upon definition. Not only for annual flood but also for extreme flood, information of evacuation places is important for char dwellers. ATK tends to be held collectively by a community, rather than by an individual. Kumiko Fujita, ... Rajib Shaw, in Science and Technology in Disaster Risk Reduction in Asia, 2018. Kirkness, V.J. The relevant scientific and management agencies must adapt institutionally to new realities, which can require restructuring programs and reassigning resources to better align with communities and ocean users. In many places of our planet, indigenous knowledge plays an important role in the disaster risks clarification, disaster preparedness, disaster mitigation, and disaster-related policies/plans implementation (Hiwasaki et al., 2014b; Nakashima, 2010). Also referred to as “local” knowledge, indigenous knowledge is a set of perceptions, information and behaviors that guide local community members in terms of how to best use their natural resources. Indigenous Knowledge has been set up as an institution on The Conversation’s platform so we can feature Indigenous knowledge that exists outside formal university settings. During the inundation, they prepare for migration, such as looking for place to move, packing their assets, and negotiating with boat owners. This Aboriginal traditional knowledge (ATK) is recognized as an important part of project planning, resource management, and environmental assessment (EA). As people tend to learn best from their peers, it is most desirable for the message to be developed and communicated by community members, Aboriginal community-based organizations, and/or Aboriginal leaders. (2010), and Hiwasaki et al. However, the villagers tend to neglect the potential damage of land burning for economic reasons, as this quote shows: Economic conditions and the knowledge of the society is the reason why people open the land by burning the forests. Thus, research involving Aboriginal people requires particular consideration. This is the first article in the series. Since the ATK held by each Aboriginal group is unique to that group, consideration of ATK in a particular EA will need to be developed with the holders of the ATK. Looking for research materials? People are not able to boil water to decontaminate it due to a shortage of dry cooking areas and fuel. Research with Indigenous peoples and their knowledge must be undertaken with especial care, since, as the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, and Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (2014) note, “[r]esearch involving Aboriginal peoples in Canada has been defined and carried out primarily by non-Aboriginal researchers. In SKK village, only a few households increased their tube-well height using a 1.0-m-long spare pipe. Though there is enough time to prepare for evacuation, they are not able to live as usual during inundation. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no Draw from the long history of KT in Aboriginal communities and build on traditional practices and understandings of knowledge generation and sharing, as well as health and well-being. For introducing the longer existing areas, support by officials or experts, who are able to interpret the map, is essential. On the other hand, integrated KT uses the same principles as community-based participatory action research.Footnote 8,Footnote 9,Footnote 10 This approach brings researchers into full partnership with communities and other stakeholders throughout the entire research process (i.e. Where they cannot be reconciled, EA practitioners should juxtapose what is suggested by each knowledge system in their EA report and demonstrate how each type of knowledge has been considered in the EA. Around the world, there are all kinds of indigenous knowledge in terms of both structural and nonstructural forms. The Ownership, Control, Access, Possession (OCAP) principles also provide guidance about how to conduct ethical health research with First Nations communities.Footnote 7 Overall, these documents highlight the importance of including Aboriginal people in research and policy-making. Legal advice may be appropriate. You can be assured our editors closely monitor every feedback sent and will take appropriate actions. Collaborating with communications and media experts can also help enhance the development and transmission of the message. This policy, implemented by the First Nations Information Governance Centre,b outlines and acknowledges First Nations' rights and ownership of Indigenous Knowledge, the process of imparting that knowledge, and standards for physical control and access to any knowledge collected during research. Moreover, valuable information has been obtained on the complexities of the hydraulics and morphodynamics around Bandal structures. Village communities living in or close to forest areas generally have a passion for obtaining information specifically related to the use of forest resources that do not damage the environment. Although there are many different definitions of ATK in the literature, there is no one universally accepted definition. The indigenous knowledge of people helps them to survive and cope with the adverse situation of floods. The agricultural landscapes created through such human practices also provided important ecosystem services, such as soil maintenance and desertification prevention. Therefore reducing the frequency of migration is considered to be important to improve their livelihood. They are intended to provide a framework for the consideration of ATK, where it has been determined that the provision of ATK is both desirable and appropriate. Though hazard mapping technology is already introduced in Bangladesh, it is not common in char areas. Based on research conducted in the area OKI South Sumatra by Soewarso (unpublished), people who depend on forests and produce from plantations close to forests will be more motivated to engage in fire prevention and elimination. In addition to building methods, indigenous knowledge is useful in understanding local geography, communications techniques and resource mobilization in post-disaster settings. These principles are intended to provide general guidance on the consideration of ATK. Some people believe the flood is a blessing because it conveys fertile soil; however, the situation living in inundated area for a few months is needed to be improved. The benefit to incorporating (Indigenous Knowledge) in projects related to water governance is that it allows for a more fulsome approach and one that broadens the perspectives on the resource and its protection for all involved. Sharing what we know about living a good life. There is recognition, both in Canada and abroad, that Aboriginal peoples have unique knowledge about the local environment, how it functions, and its characteristic ecological relationships. In the study villages, very few hand tube-wells functioned during the flood. Despite the effectiveness of these traditional modes of KT, the message being sent and the messenger remain very important. Your feedback will go directly to Science X editors. For example, in the dry season, people do not conduct common activities that use fire such as cooking and smoking (Soewarso, unpublished). The reference guide is for information purposes only. During floods, 85% and 97% of households used flood water for household use and cooking purposes in SKK and EMK villages, respectively. This concept is used in reference to the large body of, Unique, complex, adaptive, dynamic and creative local or traditional. Another reason is the ability of interpreting map.
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